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tv   Global 3000  Deutsche Welle  February 14, 2020 9:30am-10:01am CET

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discover the i. subscribe to documentary to. welcome to global 3000 crocodiles a nothing severe according to this scientist in belize mission is to protect them from. sustainable clothing and decent labor conditions far from a given in the garment industry. jana grows tons of tomatoes but also imports them on
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a growing scale global trade doesn't always make sense. in today's world goods and services are traded between countries and continents on an unprecedented scale as globalization is credited with boosting economic growth free trade is a big honor for the corporations and benefits millions of people around the world but the price for that prosperity say critics is paid by the poor and nowhere is that more visible than in africa. 54 percent of the continent's workforce relies on the agricultural sector but cheap and often subsidized goods brought in from asia and europe a swamping domestic markets causing prices to plummet. over 120000 tons of tomato products enter ghana annually that's a $95.00 fold increase since imports began in 1996 and that boom is taking its toll on local producers. tomatoes
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they could be garner's red to gold the soil is ideal and they can cultivated in the country for decades yet ghana's tomato factories now stand empty and farmers are opting to leave the country. there are many reasons and unstable power grid unsuitable tomato varieties and a global trade policy italy china and other countries are dumping canada and processed tomatoes on ghana. benedicto a free fuck is a tomato farmer into a bottle in the middle of one of ghana's main tomato production regions the many day laborers looking to be hired during the harvest season attest to widespread unemployment even at the busiest time of year some work to find work.
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nearly half of garner's population lives from agriculture a robust tomato growing industry would boost growth in rural areas nowhere is this industry more likely to flourish than here in the countries for the tile middle belt where you but now that factories are no longer buying locally grown produce farmers are becoming increasingly worried that. benedict grows tomatoes on a head tear of land if you believe that. after all. the last that's in as well yes would there be also who we have to buy water every day when it doesn't rain. and tender water cost $120.00 c.d.'s 20 euros and that's not even enough for the whole farnaby asshole but we have to buy water every day for about a month and a half until the rain comes if we have a lot of problems which makes it hard to sort of. live in this country and i am
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intimate and all my. crops grow in abundance here before most could cultivate even more land and employ more workers yeah but they lack funds if they want to buy seed and fertilizer and pay for irrigation water they need to take out loans. benedictus husband has gone to italy hoping to earn money to help support the family to pay for the children's school fees and also says they can invest in a house and a well to irrigate that crops. need to hear but it's a downer where my husband can earn more there than in ghana. city. but he sends money every month. for me and our 2 children in one place. every month your money power and. free trade is the principle that opens the african market to exports after independence african
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countries introduced customs duties in order to protect domestic farmers and emerging industries but now these restrictions are being lifted despite the fact that most african nations still struggle to compete on the international market garner came under international pressure want to try to increase import tariffs on tomato products to 40 percent than our 10 percent and containers full of cut price tomatoes continue to arrive in the country. now that the factories are closed farmers such as benedikt i have to sell that produce to the market queens to sell it on in the cities. there's a surplus of praja used during the harvest season so the farmers have to sell it rock bottom prices. as young as one might ask for 320 c.d.'s or they are 270 and said others. are giving even less at this price i wonder and anything out
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of it. on my. tomatoes are a food staple in ghana they account for 40 percent of spending on vegetables middle class canadians like their tomatoes campaign donna could meet at least a portion of its demand itself but they can't tomatoes here on the market and not domestic ones so much from china come up even to some disadvantage them up on the street i'll be very happy if we have a company again and you could use a lot tomatoes canidae and instead of people going to q what's it and then getting serious when i was a minute did when big money to that kind of skill the contacts if you got. economist corben i would too is familiar with the problem and as an academic he can
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speak more freely than the dynamic government which has to take into account international investors. so there's one child. and they. try to press on to a matter of. about 70 percent spock's. need to moderate capacity * to change business because the top most going to iraq was there a while back about 2 years ago and paul told stick on food from the us and us could come out of the african growth and opportunity is. sort of childish shows the response time if you try to change policy to devalue. to make. every tradition of this trial are.
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about smith and the song sometimes it up onto a farm because those who profit at both. the new source are many. almost surface globalization seems to be bringing people closer together but some of us are more in the hall than others we visited 8 countries in asia and europe to see the conditions people actually walk under and found differences but also similarities almost social justice from. the latest episode in our series work places. 8000 people work at this site in central java. and she's one of the people in charge michelle joe cross
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a patrol took over the textile company 10 years ago when her father died she had no previous experience in the field that nearest was in. that debt situation is because of the 98 crisis so bad by my call for it was still in the house like a bat that situation so it means that we couldn't pay to. install and bangs. we call it category 5 it's not liquid it was challenging and then but it also set the course of my journey. at the age of just 25 the young woman suddenly found herself heading a sizeable company and she had to implement some major changes. now there are only a few really old machines left at the factory for example in its dye works joe closer patro took out loans and invested in modern technology the machines have made production much more efficient they save electricity. and make life much
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easier on staff as well the boss has also just started using thread made from sustainable sources. and this thread is made from wood near the city of porto in portugal it's also used to sew products for a german startup co-founder team makes clothes out of a material called tensile the wood based fibers breathe well and they make a material that's quite durable this is not throwaway fashion in the original. you can make a really cool fabric out of this it's extremely soft and that's why we just started on wood as a source working with the raw material that grows here and is also being processed here in europe. the wood is sourced from sustainably managed forests the 1st step in turning wood into yarn is to put it through a chipper. and the resulting web mixture is then spun into
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thread. and this process saves up to 1000 liters of water per t. shirt for the team at wild sustainability is part of the corporate image raw materials production and transport routes are all in and from europe not asia like most clothing manufacturers that further reduces its carbon footprint. michelle. would also like to go down the sustainable route she has plans to gradually increase production at dan leary's with wood and every year at the moment just one to 2 percent of the company's clothes are made this way but even being used for the traditional clothing that's so popular in indonesia it's usually made out of silk or cotton so the change is a breakthrough albeit on a small scale for now. and so it's actually showing us more shine which actually interests. it's like more i think the marketplace and it's the challenge.
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of how we can be more sustainable i think. partly responsible happening with you know climate change and all the ways that we bring to you at least from my part how can i be more sustainable. the business woman has also changed the way the company produces cotton all the factories cotton waste is now recycled and reprocessed into products like baskets or furniture. cycling is done by older members of the community as well as people from the region with disabilities for many the extra income is very welcome. in europe and his team maintain good working conditions for stuff. in doing so is it here regulations. these
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stipulate that as a rule employees shouldn't work more than 8 hours a day. breaks must be guaranteed and sick leave with pay as well. the young company is distancing itself from the sector's conventionally cheap mentality and i am of clothing from wild costs at least $30.00 euros and that's ridiculous of course it's more expensive because we're producing in portugal within the e.u. for sure it's more expensive to use sustainable materials but direct sales via our website mean we can offer the close i don't reasonable rate so people can still afford to buy them. stuff on the i think portugal used to be the cheapest place to produce clothes in europe then competitors from asia and eastern europe sent the industry into a tailspin portugal struggle to hold its own but through investment and innovations in products like. technical textiles that are for example fire resistant or
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smartphone compatible the sector was able to recover it now accounts for 10 percent of portugal's exports and 19 percent of all jobs in manufacturing. employee said done leary's work a 40 hour week with paid overtime and health insurance this is unusual in indonesia michelle joe cross a patrol wants to motivate her stuff. her new incentives are focused on further training opportunities for promotion and workforce wellbeing employees who have been working here for 20 years have observed many changes in that time. 35 year old nami has been working here for 7 years she works in quality control. advocate it is in the amount that. the company has supported me but i don't want to let that define did my university course forced down the thinking
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that my little say out of the wages here it damn levees are better than those paid by similar companies. that now that the one that is the money for us started working here i worked somewhere else and that's how i know people that enable the sound of the. machines can change. the people are still. there is how we do things. in our. math this time from uganda. kampala capital of uganda the country's rich soil produces almost anything the heart or the stomach does. ayers and its street food is unparalleled among other
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delicacies the roadside stands here serve up uganda's unofficial national dish the rolex a timeless treat. a rolex will fill you up longer than other males you can order rice or more tokie which is mashed planting but that won't satisfy your hunger for more than 4 or 5 hours but a rolex will opt for even longer. the rolex is basically an omelet rolled into patty patty was introduced to east africa by indian immigrants in the mid 19th century it's a kind of unleavened flatbread cooked on a skillet in oil. fine so maghera why makes this quick snack all day long from 5 in the morning to 10 at night but what's the best time for a rolex with
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a general public what's in it does not i'm but any time you feel like you have money to buy and you feel like you're hungry you can buy. pfizer the stand is an insider's tip in the neighborhood. well worth. looking. at the heart of the rolex is the omelet usually cooked with tomato onion cabbage and chili peppers one of these snacks costs $1500.00 ugandan shillings around $0.40 so earns about 11 euro's a day with his snacks so much more on the weekends. once it's browned and sizzling the omelet is rolled between 2 chip patties then it's ready to eat. think about it no i don't know stand this cleaner or better than this one. then why do i don't why
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that i want to know it's simply the best neck shop in this entire neighborhood and i was single. and that's a special treat on valentine's day so offers his customers a heart shaped rolex. a romantic snack to go. dolls might not seem like the most inviting creatures but they've had a lot of bad press over the years in fact that you have more reason to be afraid of ass than vice versa. the reptilian predators are themselves hunted in many parts of the world. they also fall victim to human made pollution in the rivers they inhabit and seen in belize. reporter can't you do not visited the area around the capital. and met with people committed to protecting the animals.
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for a small crocodile has been kept as a pet for the past 3 years and has clearly grown used to its creature comforts. this is from a lot of chickens. keeping a crocodile in your garden pond is illegal in belize reptiles that have been confiscated by the author or t's are put into the care of merissa tears and her in geo crocodile research coalition. 66. where i tell people i study crocodiles what comes to mind are dangerous paths birman man eaters monsters and all this stands for all dramatize ation that you see. as well as the media. for mercer 10 years and her fellow conservationists every crocodile deserves protection with the help of a local vet she gives this moral lays crocodile a check up before taking the specimen to its new home this year such
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a good fat boy. originally from the us has been fascinated by large predators since she was a child. her doctoral thesis focused on crocodiles. today and she's effectively belize's chief lobbyist for the reptiles. and so you are all day driving throughout the country with the crocodile and the backs. were this crocodile will ever be fit for reintroduction to the wild still remains to be seen. crocodiles are part of life in the rivers and lagoons of belize but most people want as little contact as possible with them not surprising given the largely negative headlines i'm not want to get harmed by credit lives because. i love my feet on my hands so that's to the interest for me. going i want there on . my calf your feet. where with the end you're out there.
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but peaceful coexistence with the animals is possible as marissa tay is eager to communicate whenever she can today she's bringing that message to a podcast people that are protecting one species or the world think it's dangerous and it's. you know our mission is to assist educate protection and conservation crocodiles and their habitat. and when she's not out fighting for greater awareness she dedicated herself to individual crocodiles in need of help. the coalition small team also get outside support among their partners is the national zoo. the vets here see to those animals some require intensive medical treatment. in. one of their more acute cases is a tragic one. evidently somebody tried to chop this crocodile style off for some
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people in belize a delicacy. luke was able to escape with his tail half severed he was found by chance by the crocodile research coalition. how luke escapes from someone chopping at his tail we will never know but he has an important story to tell. the tale has yet to grow back together properly if the vets decide they have to undertake luke will remain in the zoo as a warning the crocodile hunting has to stop. and illegal hunting is far from the only danger faced by crocodiles. 'd urban expansion is also a problem in many areas the new river near the town of orange war in the north of the country has become toxic and indeed lethal for the reptiles. there is something in the water has been causing high rate of death that you
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know when you conducted the new crops everything. turned to mush these crocodiles have been slowly dying for months. what's killing them is probably waste water discharge by the sugarcane factories lining the river. murray said tails and her team head out to check on the crocodile populations healthy at night when their active. sun baby crops are small enough to be plucked out of the water by hand. the examinations only take 5 minutes long enough for the specimen to have various measurements and samples taken and its skin analyzed.
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30. skins are. this young animal at least seems to be in great health but will not remain the case in addition to moralise crocodiles belize is also home to a 2nd species the far larger american crocodile across the country both species live an increasingly restrictive and polluted habitat. so currently both species are protected by law however there is no conservation and national action plan to all this data that we are collecting it is to help the government to then create the most appropriate action plan. croc is right here. tonight is expedition is not a very fruitful one the cim haven't spotted many crocodiles. now he's
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now he went way way back another day another task merissa 10 is this it in one of the larger crocodiles being tended to by her organization. gilly also used to be kept as a pet and is now to tame to ever be returned to the wild. state would stay gilly. uses a few basic commands for the purposes of training her and gaining gillies respect target where you go good target even if gilly seems relatively harmless marissa says crocodiles belong in the wild and many of the specimens she sees need help to survive there this is where education is so important because education provides the knowledge the knowledge to be able to co-exist with these animals because we can co-exist with these animals indigenous cultures have been coexisting with these animals for thousands and thousands of years.
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that's it for this week bob do june in next time if you have any thoughts about the show please get in touch just send an e-mail to global free 1000 at g.w. dot com or visit our facebook page d.w. women see you soon.
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